TCoPS - 41

Table 3: Model outputs - Cost estimates:
Headline outputs
Market Cost of the Plastic Produced in 2019
Waste Management Costs Attributable to the Plastic Produced
in 2019
Ecosystem Service Costs of Plastic Pollution Attributable
to the Plastic Produced in 2019 on Marine Ecosystem
Services
Cost of the Lifetime GHG Emissions of the Plastic Produced
in 2019
Total Quantifiable Cost of the Plastic Produced in
2019
Total Quantifiable Societal Lifetime Cost (sum of
Waste Management, Ecosystem Service and GHG costs)
Lower Bound
~US$370 billion
~US$32 billion
~US$2.1 trillion
~US$171 billion`
Upper Bound
~US$370 billion
~US$32 billion
~US$4.3 trillion
~US$171 billion
Median
~US$370 billion
~US$32 billion
~US$3.1 trillion
~US$171 billion
~US$2.7 trillion ~US$4.8 trillion ~US$3.7 trillion
~US$2.3 trillion ~US$4.4 trillion ~US$3.3 trillion
Table 4: Model output - Present value of the projected societal lifetime cost of (based on plastic production volume
forecasts, and 2019 induced cost per ton):
Year
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
Lower Bound Cost
US$2,297,876,557,030
US$2,385,195,866,197
US$2,475,833,309,113
US$2,569,914,974,859
US$2,667,571,743,904
US$2,768,939,470,172
US$2,874,159,170,039
US$2,983,377,218,500
US$3,096,745,552,803
US$3,214,421,883,810
US$3,336,569,915,395
US$3,463,359,572,180
US$3,584,577,157,206
US$3,710,037,357,708
US$3,839,888,665,228
US$3,974,284,768,511
US$4,113,384,735,409
US$4,257,353,201,148
US$4,406,360,563,188
US$4,560,583,182,900
US$4,720,203,594,301
US$4,885,410,720,102
Upper Bound Cost
US$4,392,761,042,731
US$4,559,685,962,354
US$4,732,954,028,924
US$4,912,806,282,023
US$5,099,492,920,740
US$5,293,273,651,728
US$5,494,418,050,494
US$5,703,205,936,412
US$5,919,927,761,996
US$6,144,885,016,952
US$6,378,390,647,596
US$6,620,769,492,205
US$6,852,496,424,432
US$7,092,333,799,287
US$7,340,565,482,262
US$7,597,485,274,141
US$7,863,397,258,736
US$8,138,616,162,792
US$8,423,467,728,490
US$8,718,289,098,987
US$9,023,429,217,451
US$9,339,249,240,062
Median Cost
US3,345,318,799,881
US$3,472,440,914,276
US$3,604,393,669,018
US$3,741,360,628,441
US$3,883,532,332,322
US$4,031,106,560,950
US$4,184,288,610,266
US$4,343,291,577,456
US$4,508,336,657,400
US$4,679,653,450,381
US$4,857,480,281,495
US$5,042,064,532,192
US$5,218,536,790,819
US$5,401,185,578,498
US$5,590,227,073,745
US$5,785,885,021,326
US$5,988,390,997,073
US$6,197,984,681,970
US$6,414,914,145,839
US$6,639,436,140,943
US$6,871,816,405,876
US$7,112,329,980,082
41

TCoPS

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of TCoPS

TCoPS - 1
TCoPS - 2
TCoPS - 3
TCoPS - 4
TCoPS - 5
TCoPS - 6
TCoPS - 7
TCoPS - 8
TCoPS - 9
TCoPS - 10
TCoPS - 11
TCoPS - 12
TCoPS - 13
TCoPS - 14
TCoPS - 15
TCoPS - 16
TCoPS - 17
TCoPS - 18
TCoPS - 19
TCoPS - 20
TCoPS - 21
TCoPS - 22
TCoPS - 23
TCoPS - 24
TCoPS - 25
TCoPS - 26
TCoPS - 27
TCoPS - 28
TCoPS - 29
TCoPS - 30
TCoPS - 31
TCoPS - 32
TCoPS - 33
TCoPS - 34
TCoPS - 35
TCoPS - 36
TCoPS - 37
TCoPS - 38
TCoPS - 39
TCoPS - 40
TCoPS - 41
TCoPS - 42
TCoPS - 43
TCoPS - 44
TCoPS - 45
TCoPS - 46
TCoPS - 47
TCoPS - 48
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2021
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/tcops
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/60th_anniversary
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2020
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/freshwater_fishes_report
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/ghost_gear_report
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/covid19_report
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2019
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2018
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/livingplanet_summary
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/livingplanet_full
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/conversation_strategy
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2017
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2015
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2013
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013-de
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013-fr
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwf_france/rapport_dactivite_2011-2012
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2012
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com