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Figure 3: Overview of the costs included in the minimum lifetime cost of the plastic produced in 2019.
THE MINIMUM LIFECYCLE COST OF THE PLASTIC PRODUCED IN 2019
MARKET COST
SOCIETAL LIFETIME COST
MARKET PRICE OF
VIRGIN PLASTIC
GHG COSTS
HEALTH COSTS
WASTE
MANAGEMENT
COSTS1
MISMANAGED
WASTE COSTS2
1. From managed waste
2. From mismanaged waste
These costs occur across the plastic lifecycle
Table 1: Overview of the quantifiable and currently unquantified costs imposed by the plastic lifecycle.
Cost Dimension Quantifiable Elements
Market Cost
Market price of virgin plastics
● Costs of GHG emissions from production
processes
GHG emissions
● Costs of GHG emissions from waste management
processes
Both paid for indirectly by society (based on carbon
prices and costs to stick to carbon commitments)
Health
Waste
management
● Direct costs to governments and indirectly to
corporates or citizens based on the taxes used to
fund it or EPR schemes in place for formal waste
management.
● Costs to informal waste management sector to
conduct informal waste management activities.
Unmanaged
waste
● Lost ecosystem service costs of marine plastic
pollution paid for indirectly by governments and
all other stakeholders, given the environmental
and economic consequences
● Revenue reductions from fisheries and tourism as
a result of marine plastic pollution
● Clean-up activity costs
● Lost ecosystem service costs of plastic
pollution on terrestrial ecosystems
(any ecosystems which are found on
land including rainforests, deserts, and
grasslands)
● Health costs from production processes
● Health costs from waste management
processes
● Health risks from plastic use
● Health costs of uncontrolled plastic waste
● Costs of GHG emissions from
uncontrolled plastic waste
Currently Unquantified Elements
WWF INTERNATIONAL 2021

TCoPS

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of TCoPS

TCoPS - 1
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https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/60th_anniversary
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2020
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/freshwater_fishes_report
https://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/ghost_gear_report
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/covid19_report
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2019
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2018
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/livingplanet_summary
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/livingplanet_full
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/conversation_strategy
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2017
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2015
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2013
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013-de
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013-fr
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/dalbergreport2013
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwf_france/rapport_dactivite_2011-2012
http://europe.nxtbook.com/nxteu/wwfintl/annualreview2012
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com