JCU - January 2022 - 59

Rodrigues et al.
59
Table 2. (Continued)
Possible risk factors (anamnesis)
Presence of indwelling catheter
Familiar history of prostate cancer
Previous prostatic biopsy
Group 1
(% of 379)
1.8
90.5
9.5
Digital rectal examination-estimated prostatic volume (cm3)
< 40
⩾ 40
⩾ 60
⩾ 80
IPSS, international prostate symptom score.
Table 3. Possible risk factors for major complications after
prostate-biopsy based on comorbidity profile.
Possible risk factors
(comorbidities)
Group 1
(% of 379)
Number of comorbidities
0-1
⩾ 2
50.9
83.6
16.0
0-1
0-2
⩾ 3
50.9
81.5
94.4
5.5
3-5
⩾ 6
47.5
46.9
5.5
Group 2
(% of 25)
64.0
80.0.0
7.5
Charlson Comorbidity Index (age-unadjusted) %
64.0
80.0
96.0
4.0
Charlson Comorbidity Index (age-adjusted) %
0-2
48.0
44.0
8.0
p
Table 4. Possible risk factors for major complications after
prostate-biopsy based on exams.
Possible risk
factors (exams)
Antibiotic bacterial
resistance #
0.92
0.88
0.69
0.20
0.84
0.10
0.75
0.98
0.86
0.40
based on antibiotic resistance of fecal microbiota, respectively:
20/340 (5.9%) v. 5/64 (7.8%), p = 0.56. The prevalence
of antibiotic resistance of fecal microbiota also
showed no difference between patients with and without
infectious complications after prostate biopsy, respectively
1/64 (1.6%) v. 10/340 (2.9%), p = 0.53. Seventy-three/404
(18.1%) patients presented signs of chronic prostatitis on
histopathological exams (Table 4). Antibiotic resistance
was also not different among patients who either presented
Group 1
(% of 379)
15.6
Post-voiding residual volume (ml)
0-100
⩾ 100
⩾ 150
⩾ 200
PSA (ng/ml)
⩾ 3
⩾ 4
⩾ 10
78.5
21.6
17.4
4.8
88.2
80.8
8.9
Ultrasound prostatic volume (cm3)
< 30
< 40
⩾ 30
⩾ 40
25.6
46.5
53.6
53.8
Intraprostatic protrusion (mm)
⩾ 5
⩾ 10
Prostatitis (on
biopsy results)
96.4
45.1
22.4
Group 2
(% of 25)
20.0
p
0.62
46.5
53.6
27.3
4.7
86.4
8.3
29.4
70.6
23.5
-
0.53
0.91
0.17
0.64
-
Group 2
(% of 25)
p
57.3
41.7
16.7
16.7
92.6
88.9
11.1
23.5
76.5
70.6
63.6
100.0
55.6
28.6
0.62
0.29
0.86
0.11
0.86
0.74
0.72
0.88
0.37
0.94
0.48
0.93
0.88
0.61

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