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´sume
´
Re
Les bacte
´ries sont pertinentes dans les programmes d'assurance qualite
´ des rongeurs si (1) les animaux sont
a
` risque et si (2) leur pre
´sence chez les animaux fait une diffe
´rence pour la recherche animale ou le bien-e
ˆtre
animal, par exemple parce que l'agent (2A) re
´gule la progression de la maladie ou (2b) a un impact sur son
ho
ˆte d'autres fac¸ons. En outre, (2c) les zoonoses sont pertinentes. Certaines espe
`ces bacte
´riennes recommande
´es a
` l'e
´chelle internationale pour la surveillance de la sante
´ des rats et des souris, a
` savoir le
Citrobacter rodentium, le Corynebacterium kutscheri, la Salmonelle spp. et le Streptococcus pneumoniae,
ne sont plus pre
´sentes dans les laboratoires ni dans les magasins vendant des rats ou des souris. Le risque
d'impact du Filobacterium rodentium, au Clostridium piliforme, au Mycoplasma spp., a
` l'Helicobacter spp., et
au Rodentibacter Streptobacillus moniliformis spp., sur la recherche et le bien-e
ˆtre animal(e) reste pourtant
bien re
´el et le Streptobacillus moniliformis peut e
ˆtre conside
´re
´ comme un agent zoonotique en de
´pit du
risque tre
`s faible qu'il comporte. Les techniques mole
´culaires ont re
´ve
´le
´ que, selon le type de recherche, il
peut e
ˆtre e
´galement judicieux de connaıˆtre l'e
´tat de colonie de certaines bacte
´ries commensales qui sont
essentielles pour l'induction de certains mode
`les de rongeurs, tels que l'Akkermansia muciniphila Alistipes
spp., le Bifidobacterium spp., le Bacteroides fragilis, le Bacteroides vulgatus, le Fecalibacterium prausnitzii,



Laboratory Animals - June Issue

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Laboratory Animals - June Issue

Contents
Laboratory Animals - June Issue - Cover1
Laboratory Animals - June Issue - Cover2
Laboratory Animals - June Issue - Contents
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