In Broadcast - May 2013 - 25




White Paper: How To Cope With Changes In Satellite TV Broadcasting Cont.
the available radio spectrum and
backhaul capability.

Satellite Is Changing Too
Satellite has a long association
with broadcasting and remains a
key future transmission technology
despite the increased competition
from Internet, fibre & 3G/4G
networks. Satellite really excels
in the multicasting of content to
large geographical regions, disaster
recovery and remote newsgathering.
The multilateral 2012 Olympic feeds
were beamed around the world
via satellite, as there is no realistic
alternative in many cases. Satellite
will also be an integral part of seeing
the 2014 World Cup and 2016
Olympics from Brazil worldwide.

Satellite Efficiency
T he ef f icie ncy of s ate llite
transmission continues to improve
beyond the existing DVB-S2
standards. Currently extensions and
new standards are being specified
and tested. For satellite businesses,
the creation and adoption of new
DVB-S2 Extensions will translate
into better efficiency, higher speed
and improved service robustness.
These extensions have the potential
for 15 to 37% improvements on top
of the current standards. They are
being planned now in DVB, with
the intent to take effect during 2013.
UHDTV 4K and 8K services will
use significantly higher bitrates than
HD and SD content. With the buzz
about such services already growing
rapidly and the pool of potential
customers massive, broadcasters
and satellite service providers will
be looking to limit the impact on
satellite usage. In the past, during
upgrades to HD, standards such
as MPEG-4 AVC and DVB-S2
developed in tandem to counteract
the increased requirements for space
on the satellite with large efficiency
savings. The combination of UHDTV,
HEVC and next-generation DVB-S2
Extensions may well do the same.
The full new open standard will
first be applicable in contribution
networks, and later in distribution
networks as new silicon becomes
available supporting not only the
DVB extensions, but also new
compression standards like HEVC.
Unfortunately, these different nextgeneration standards (DVB-S2
Extensions, UHDTV, HEVC) will likely
enter the market at different times
and integrated receiving devices,
either professional IRDs (Integrated
Receiver Decoder) or consumer
STBs (Set-Top Boxes) will lag behind,
until all the standards are available
and stable. In the intermediate
period, there is a strong case to split
the demodulation of the DVB-S2
Extensions from the decoding of the

Newtec international office locations

video into separate units, to get the
benefits of the evolutions in a timely
and flexible way.

IP And Multi Service
In broadcast contribution and
exchange, satellite capacity
was traditionally allocated on a
permanent or occasional basis to
specific single service applications
(spor ts contribution, news
gathering, etc).
Pioneered by the ASBU (Arab
States Broadcasting Union) with
their award-winning MENOS
(Multimedia Exchange Network
over Satellite) network, the enabler
of IP networks over satellite allows
multiple services to be combined
onto one service platform. This can
be multiple contribution services (like
news and sports which have differing
quality and delay requirements).
Alternatively, a combination of
contribution, asset delivery and
primary distribution services, mixing
live and file based workflows. These
multiple services are automated and
optimise the satellite resources, to
allow them to be offered by service
providers at very low cost. This is
whilst still providing the QoS (Quality
of Service) and service availability
required by professional broadcast
transmission users.
The benefits of this multi-service
network capability are increasingly
being recognised and adopted by
broadcasters and service providers
around the world. Indeed, this
network concept has been extended
to ‘Any-IP’ networks in a hybrid
satellite/terrestrial configuration, to
provide ‘broadcast transmission
as a service’, irrespective of the
physical transmission link, allowing
the system to choose the optimal
path depending on link availability,
ingress/egress locations, congestion,
cost, etc. In the end, broadcasters
just want to transmit their live feeds
or files to the required destinations at
an acceptable cost with appropriate
service guarantees and quality. How
it actually gets there doesn’t really
interest many of them.

Spectrum & Interference
The competition for spectrum has
become fierce, both in frequencies

terrestrial TV
b ro a d c a s t i n g
and for satellite
d e m a n d s
from mobile
operators and
others. The
‘digital dividend’ (with analogue TV/
Radio switch off) and mobile auction
licences have been anything but
positive for broadcasters. Both the
increasing demand for spectrum
and the usage of those allocated
frequencies have created additional
issues for satellite user and operator
communities; arguably the victim of
its own success.
While a lot of the satellite
frequencies for broadcast have
migrated from C-band to Kuband (both for contribution and
distribution) the still important
C-band frequencies are increasing
being subjected to interference from
WiMAX deployments.
The new kid on the satellite block
is Ka-band. While not exclusive to
Ka-band, these satellite payloads
are typically built to focus the
footprints into multiple smaller ‘spot
beams’. These smaller beams, with
higher power, allow smaller (hence
cheaper and more portable) dish
sizes to be used and also permit the
same frequencies to be re-used in
different spot beams, reducing the
total required frequency spectrum,
while significantly increasing the
aggregate throughput of a single
satellite. These newer generation
satellites are often called High
Throughput Satellites (HTS) and
enable a significantly reduced cost
of bandwidth, keeping transmitting
costs competitive with other
alternatives like fibre and mobile.
While some of these configurations
target other markets, like consumer
broadband, Internet access and
maritime communications, there
are also major benefits to broadcast
transmission too, for certain
The increased usage and
importance of satellite for
communications has multiplied
the incidents of interference,
both accidental and in some
regions deliberate. As well as the
previously mentioned WiMAX, the
increase in VSAT and other satellite
communication networks have
raised the frequencies of accidental
interference due to mis-pointing,
equipment mis-configuration,
etc. All the stakeholders (satellite
operators, service providers,

broadcast users, equipment
manufacturers) have joined forces
to tackle these issues by including
default identification of transmitters.
This ‘Carrier ID’ mechanism is now
being standardised within DVB and
will become a standard feature of
satellite equipment starting 2013.
The deliberate jamming of signals
for political or economic reasons is
harder to address and will require
international diplomatic support as
well as existing technical measures to
geo-locate the culprits and advances
in satellite countermeasures,
d e r i v e d f ro m g o v e r n m e n t
communication payloads.

It Is A Business After All
Despite the strong competition
with cable TV and IPTV operators,
satellite DTH (Direct To Home) still
represents a strong alternative
that enables customers to have
direct access to a minimum of 200
to 300 channels. The global DTH
business for the period between
2011 and 2015 represents an
expected revenue growth of US$15
billion and an increase of 40 million
Additionally, DTH has the unique
advantage of very large geographical
coverage from a single platform, with
availability of the signal even in rural
and semi-rural areas where cable or
ADSL are difficult to install. This is
key not only to existing developed
regions like Europe and US but
also to deploy digital TV services
to developing regions like Africa
and the so called ‘BRICS’ (Brazil,
Russia, India, China and South
Africa) nations.

The TV industry must ‘adapt or
die’. No-one really knows who
the winners and losers will be but
there are clear trends that have
emerged, with the need to target
the growing range of consumers
devices, with the viewing experience
they demand, always available,
whenever, wherever.
Bigger screens with increasing
quality will co-exist with adaptive
video on mobile devices. Linear
live TV will co-exist with non-linear
catch-up and on demand. Broadcast
will co-exist with broadband and
the biggest benefits will accrue
by maximising the benefits of
both, where 1+1=3.
Satellite will stay as important
to the global TV industry as ever,
but it too will adapt to stay relevant,
incorporating the latest in ICT
power to be more efficient, simpler
to use, faster and cheaper. It will
co-exist with fibre, mobile and the
Internet, being used where it is most
appropriate. It won’t be ‘either/or’
but rather the best of breed.


Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of In Broadcast - May 2013

In Broadcast - May 2013
InNEWS: Eredivisie Live Kicks Off With Evs Systems
InNEWS: Nep Develops Arise Networks’ Ny News Centre
InREPLY: International Success for Atg Broadcast
InGEAR: Blackmagic Design Demos Production Camera 4k
InGEAR: Ensemble Designs’ Brighteye Nxt 430 Router
InAUDIO: Clear-Com’s Eclipse - Pico for Ktv
InSTUDIO: Cartoni Debuts Magnum & Jibo & Nabshow 2013
InMEDIA: Avid Live Shows at Dock 10 Post
InMEDIA: How Mam Meets the Challenges of Managing Sports Content
InFILE: Simplifying Alpha Network’s Ott and Iptv Delivery - Harmonic
In Broadcast - May 2013 - In Broadcast - May 2013
In Broadcast - May 2013 - Cover2
In Broadcast - May 2013 - Contents
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InNEWS: Eredivisie Live Kicks Off With Evs Systems
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 5
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InNEWS: Nep Develops Arise Networks’ Ny News Centre
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 7
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 8
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 9
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 10
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 11
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 12
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 13
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 23
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 26
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 27
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InREPLY: International Success for Atg Broadcast
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 29
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 31
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 32
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 33
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 34
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 35
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InGEAR: Blackmagic Design Demos Production Camera 4k
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 37
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InGEAR: Ensemble Designs’ Brighteye Nxt 430 Router
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 39
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 40
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 42
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 43
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 46
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InAUDIO: Clear-Com’s Eclipse - Pico for Ktv
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 51
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 55
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InSTUDIO: Cartoni Debuts Magnum & Jibo & Nabshow 2013
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 57
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - 59
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 60
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InMEDIA: Avid Live Shows at Dock 10 Post
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 62
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 63
In Broadcast - May 2013 - InMEDIA: How Mam Meets the Challenges of Managing Sports Content
In Broadcast - May 2013 - 65
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - InFILE: Simplifying Alpha Network’s Ott and Iptv Delivery - Harmonic
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In Broadcast - May 2013 - Cover3
In Broadcast - May 2013 - Cover4