At Home With Lorraine Kelly 2017 - 146
sex in-between eriods or a er
the menopause. Almost all cases
o cervica cancer are caused by the
human papillomavirus (HPV)
which is o en s read during sex.
here are ore than
ty es o
any o which are
harmless. However, some types can
disru t the nor a unctioning o the
ce s o the cervix and trigger the onset
o cancer. wo strains in articu ar
HPV 16 and HPV 18, which have no
sy to s are res onsib e or
o a cases o cervica cancer.
'Get to know
so you are
as soon as
possible. It is
vital to have
all the health
vaccine has been
routine y offered to gir s between the
and . he N
national screening programme open
to a wo en ro the age o
cervical smear test, where a small
e o ce s is taken ro the cervix
and checked or abnor a ities.
cervica cancer is diagnosed at an
early stage, surgery to remove some
or a o the wo b radiothera y or a
co bination o both is reco
ar ro on y being a rob e
or overweight en heart
disease is res onsib e or the deaths o
more than one in 10 women every year
in the UK alone. It happens when your
coronary arteries (those that supply
your heart muscle with oxygen-rich
b ood beco e narrowed by a bui d-u
o atty ateria within their wa s.
n ti e your arteries ay beco e
so narrow they cannot deliver enough
oxygen-rich b ood to your heart. he
ain and disco ort you ay ee as
a result is called angina.
Around three million people
in the UK are thought to have
osteoporosis, commonly associated
with post-menopausal women. The
condition affects the bones causing
the to beco e weak and ragi e and
ore ike y to break. hese ractures
occur most commonly in the spine,
wrist and hi s but can affect other
bones such as the ar or e vis.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR
uring chi dhood bones grow and
re air uick y however this rocess
slows down as you grow older - while
this is a nor a art o ageing in so e
people it can lead to osteoporosis.
Usually, there are no warning signs
unti so eone ex eriences a racture
o en a er a inor a . hings
that increase the risk o deve o ing
osteoporosis include an overactive
146 | AUGUST 2017
A SIGN OF
thyroid g and a a i y history o the
condition ong-ter use o certain
edications that affect bone strength
or hor one eve s a absor tion
rob e s heavy drinking and s oking.
ou ay be re erred or a bone density
scan to assess your risk o a
racture. reat ent then ocuses on
treating and reventing ractures and
using edication to strengthen bones.
his is a rare ty e o cancer
that develops in a woman's cervix, the
entrance to the wo b ro the vagina.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR
ervica cancer o en has no
symptoms in its early stages, though
the most common is unusual vaginal
b eeding which can occur a er
shortness o breath chest ains
di iness ainting and a itations
are all signs you need to have your
heart checked out.
hen a heart attack strikes it
doesn t a ways ee the sa e in wo en
as it does in en. o en o en don t
get the same classic symptoms as
men, such as crushing chest pain
that radiates down one arm. Many
experience vague or even 'silent'
symptoms that they may miss.
Symptoms common in women
inc ude ain in ar back neck or
jaw; stomach pain; nausea; shortness
o breath sweating and atigue.
Modern techniques including Electron
Beam Computed Tomography
(EBCT) and Percutaneous Coronary
Intervention (PCI) - which uses
stents to o en b ocked arteries
are o en used but treat ent
depends on individual cases.
WORDS: JUDY CHESTERTON, IMAGES: GETTY IMAGES
WHAT TO LOOK FOR