At Home With Lorraine Kelly 2017 - 136
WE CELEBRATE THE GROUNDBREAKING MEDICAL INNOVATIONS THAT HAVE
REVOLUTIONISED WOMEN'S LIVES AND CHANGED SOCIETY FOREVER
Egy tian wo en avoured so ened
papyrus to stem the monthly menstrual
flow whi e reek adies used int wra ed
round a small piece of wood. It wasn't until
the late 1920s that Earle Haas adapted
a cotton surgical plug with two concentric
cardboard tubes for easy insertion. 'Tampon'
is the French word for plug.
i ing his rst atent or the cata enia
enstrua device in the
revolutionary applicator waved goodbye
to woo a er s onges and vegetab e
ateria s that had a been used
revious y. Ear e died aged
Up to 35% of women in UK hospitals
have an epidural while giving birth.
Their relief from labour pains is all down to
one an r ohn onica
anaesthesio ogist and ro essiona wrest er
who was ooking out or the we being o
his wife in the 1930s.
er a ost dying ro co
with anaesthesia during the birth of their
rst chi d the second ti e around onica
b ocked his wi es nerve roots eading to her
uterus and lower body. The procedure is
u y effective in so e
BIRTH CONTROL PILL
he contrace tive i
in the crown of the women's
iberation ove ent was introduced
in the swinging 60s and allowed women
greater sexua reedo . eve o ed by
erican bio ogist r regory incus
the i works by su ressing ovu ation.
Introduced in the UK on the NHS in
initia y or arried wo en on y today
more than three and a half million women
take a version o the co bined i with
a quarter of the nation using it as their
preferred method of contraception.
E ergency contrace tion such as
the orning-a er i or ost-coita coi
is a so a huge breakthrough as it revents
regnancy a er un rotected sex.
Although some campaign groups have
suggested the orning-a er i encourages
ro iscuity in cases o ra e or assau t its
value is undeniable.
r eorge a anico aou
discovered cells in the cervix change in
appearance before they become cancerous.
ervica screening or the s ear test as it
used to be ca ed checks or any abnor a
signs in cells collected from the cervix.
s re-cancerous ce s can take u to
years to deve o
can be treated if the disease is detected early
enough. or this reason the routine check
is considered the ost effective cancer
screening technique ever discovered. Since
the NHS cervical screening programme
was aunched in the
s the nu ber o
cervical cancer cases has decreased by
ogra is an -ray i age o
the breast that is used to check or signs
o breast cancer the ost co
diagnosed cancer in
wo en. n
the Forrest Report recommended the
introduction of an NHS breast screening
e offering a
once every three years to all women aged
E NE E
E - E
N - E M E
136 | AUGUST 2017
the wor ds rst nationa breast
screening programme was launched in
Eng and and ore than
between the ages o
for screening. It has been estimated that if
o e igib e wo en attended screening
there would be a 25% reduction in breast
cancer mortality rates in the women invited.
The breast screening age range in the UK
now inc udes a wo en aged
to . n
Eng and the age range is being extended
even urther in tria s. n
- a tota o
i ion wo en aged
and over were
screened within the programme.
There is not much evidence of early
use o intrauterine devices a ong-ter
contrace tive inserted into the uterus but
it is be ieved the ancient reeks ay have
developed a rudimentary version.
he rst odern
by r ichard ichter in
it took a urther
years unti it was
acce ted as a edica y sa e and effective
method of contraception.
en -sha ed the device contains
either co er or evonorgestre and is
inserted into the uterus. It is the most
wide y-used or o reversib e contrace tion
in the wor d with
i ion users. n
o wo an arried or in
ong-ter re ationshi s
g oba y used an
It has a failure rate
of less than 1%.
nce re oved even
a er ong-ter use
erti ity uick y returns