AT Home with Christian Jessen - March 2011 - (Page 134)

H the matter are more likely to die as a result of a cardiac arrest. Gender plays a part, too, as men are more prone to heart attacks than women. type 1 or type 2 diabetes, stress, being overweight and lack of exercise are other key risk factors. treatment the most crucial issue is speed. dialling 999 is a priority of course – but if a heart beat can be maintained until the ambulance arrives, this could make all the difference. Having a home defibrillator, such as Laerdal’s Heartstart (www.heartstart.co.uk), could save a life. So could issuing a 300mg tablet of aspirin, because this helps to prevent platelets (small blood cells) from sticking together around the clot that’s blocking the artery. At hospital, thrombolysis, often described as a clot-busting drug, is injected into the bloodstream to help dissolve the clot that’s blocking the artery. Alternatively, an emergency operation can be performed to dilate the blocked coronary artery using a balloon. this is known as coronary angioplasty and is usually considered if, for some reason, the patient cannot receive thrombolytic medicine or has a sustained low blood pressure. Beta-blockers may be prescribed after a heart attack to lower blood pressure and to reduce chances of another attack. Heart of Dr Christian says... ‘Stress increases the risk of a heart attack and, according to a study by Harvard Medical School, women with stressful jobs – especially those who are juggling family issues as well – are 40% more susceptible. So, ladies: warn your doctor if you feel stressed.’ the uK has one of the highest rates of death from heart disease in the world – but new treatments could save many of those lives… eart disease is one of the UK’s biggest killers, but it needn’t be the case. We take a look at some of the most common conditions, how they can be avoided and if they do strike, how they can be treated… in the middle of your chest that can affect your arms, neck, jaw, face, back or abdomen. Angina is most often experienced on exertion. What causes it? Age is a major factor, as four out of five people who die from coronary heart disease are 65 or older. Men are more at risk than women and have attacks earlier in life. death rates from heart disease for women are twice as high as those for all forms of cancer, and it increases as they approach menopause and continues to rise as they get older. Failure to exercise is a cause of coronary heart disease, as physical activity helps control cholesterol levels and, in some cases, lowers blood pressure. People who are overweight are more likely to develop heart disease and a stroke, even if they have no other risk factor, because excess weight puts extra strain on the heart. drinking an average of more than one alcoholic drink a day for women, or more than two drinks a day for men, increases the risk of heart disease due to its effect on blood pressure. the higher the blood cholesterol level, the higher the risk of coronary heart disease too – particularly if combined with other risk factors. treatment Beta-blockers reduce the amount of work the heart has to do because they slow the heart rate. this means they are very effective in preventing an attack of angina. Coronary angioplasty and stents (short tubes of stainless-steel mesh) are used to open clogged heart arteries. there are 23,500 angioplasties performed on patients with angina in the UK each year. Fatty tissue – atheroma – responsible for narrowing arteries, is squashed, Condition: the heart is surrounded by three major coronary arteries that supply it with blood and oxygen. if a clot develops in one of these arteries, the blood supply to that area of the heart muscle will stop. this is a heart attack – in medical terms, a coronary thrombosis or myocardial infarction. Symptoms of a heart attack can include severe chest pain, sometimes spreading to the arms – in particular the left arm – as well as the neck and jaw. Some sufferers feel sick, sweaty and breathless as well. Heart attack What causes it? Heart attacks usually occur when there is a build-up of cholesterol and fat (fatty deposits or plaques) in the artery walls. this is called atherosclerosis. the arteries become narrow and hardened as a result, their elasticity disappears and it becomes increasingly difficult for blood to flow through without obstruction. the fatty plaques can also rupture, causing blood to clot around the rupture. if blood can’t then flow past the clot to the necessary part of the body, the tissue eventually dies. these plaque ruptures are a common cause of heart attacks. Major risk factors for heart attacks include a family history of atherosclerosis, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and smoking. indeed, smokers are twice as likely to have a heart attack than non-smokers. What’s more, they Condition: Coronary artery disease and angina A build-up of fatty deposits, called atheroma, can cause the coronary arteries to become narrowed or blocked. this build-up can restrict the amount of blood to the heart. the main symptom of coronary artery disease is angina, which gives you a feeling of heaviness, tightness or pain 134 | march 2012 wordS: Georgina Maric | ILLUSTrATIoNS: Getty Images http://www.heartstart.co.uk

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of AT Home with Christian Jessen - March 2011

EDITOR'S LETTER
A WARM WELCOME FROM DR CHRISTIAN
NEWS
SAVE THE DATE
DEFENSIVE EATING
SLEEPING BEAUTY
SPOIL YOURSELF
FAMOUS FIGURES
WIN TOP PRIZES
DR JESSEN, I PRESUME
FEEL-GOOD FACTOR
A BEAUTIFUL MIND
PROTECT YOURSELF
GETTING OVER IT
KEEP CALM AND CARRY ON
WHAT LIES BENEATH
SUGAR HIGHS AND LOWS
WHAT'S UP, DOC?
ON THE RUN
SMOKING GUN
FRESHLY GROUND
I CAN'T EAT THAT
OFF THE SCALES
WALKING TALL
IN GOOD HANDS?
GIRLS ONLY
IN THE BLOOD
PERIOD PROPERTIES
FERTILITY HELP
A WEE ISSUE
UNDER YOUR HAT
CONFESSIONS OF AN ALCOHOLIC
DANGER ZONE
BODY BASICS
HEART-STOPPING MOMENTS
BACK TO BASICS
WALKING ON SUNSHINE
THE SKIN YOU LIVE IN
LISTEN UP
EYESORE
IN PLAIN SIGHT
DOWN UNDER
BUMP 'N GRIND
LET'S TALK ABOUT SEX
MAN TALK
DO YOU KNOW YOUR BMI?
I'LL HAVE A 'P' PLEASE
BOYS DON'T CRY
TO THE EXTREME
THREE-DAY SLIM DOWN
TOTALLY ADDICTED TO CAKE
JUST A PINCH
GYM JAMS
THEY'RE DOING WHAT?
GOTTA HAVE IT
EYES WIDE SHUT
PETER PAN PLAN
HOW OLD?
HOW OLD?
FUZZ FREE
FUZZ FREE
CUT HERE
CUT HERE
ON THE MEND
ON THE MEND
KNOW YOUR NIP/TUCKS
KNOW YOUR NIP/TUCKS
IN THE SPOTLIGHT
IN THE SPOTLIGHT
STAY SAFE ABROAD
STAY SAFE ABROAD
SAY CHEESE!
SAY CHEESE!
IVORY TOWER
IVORY TOWER
MOUTH MAYHEM
MOUTH MAYHEM
COMING SOON
COMING SOON
LIGHTEN UP
LIGHTEN UP
COULD YOU BE A GUINEA PIG?
COULD YOU BE A GUINEA PIG?
HEADS UP
HEADS UP
LAST WORD
LAST WORD
STOCKISTS
STOCKISTS

AT Home with Christian Jessen - March 2011

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